How to Summarize and Paraphrase For Academic Writing

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Do you know how to summarize your writing and paraphrase your content? In academic writing, summarizing and paraphrasing are very essential skills. With majority of college writing essays geared towards proving a point, you will very likely need to depend on a lot of source material to effectively argue your case.

First, a bit of refresher:

  • Summarizing is all about reducing a material down to its most important points, often bringing it down to roughly a third or less of the original source.
  • Paraphrasing, on the other hand, is about restating a passage in your own words, often as an alternative to using a direct quotation.

In the case of your college essays, you will employ both techniques to integrate evidence from previous writing into your own work. If you’re struggling to put together either type, the following advice might help.

Summarizing

  • Scan the text.
  • Locate and highlight the main points. A good first place to look for are the topic sentences on each paragraph.
  • Rewrite the material using the main points you found, setting aside evidence and examples.

Paraphrasing

  • Review the source text.
  • Rewrite it in your own words.
  • Use reporting verbs and phrases to show attribution.
  • Put unique and author-driven phrases in quotes.

Like other parts of your essays, summaries and paraphrases are best done with the help of a competent writing software. While the thoughts you will express in them aren’t original, the words you will be using are and they’ll be best served with a dose of polish from such a tool.


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Writing Effective (and Requisite) Essay Openers

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when we write for college courses, we write for an audience other than ourselves. And it’s an audience of more than one, the teacher who assigned the piece. A good way of thinking (and forget) is to imagine that we are writing the assignment for a popular magazine that is in multiple copies on the shelves of an equally popular Bookstore. For every magazine sold, pretend, we get a percentage.

our goal, then, is how big and generalized a number of readers possible – to connect as many browsers as possible – with an effective opener (also known as an introduction). Therefore we must engage, in the first place, prior to entertain, educate or inform.

first warnings and comments about openers inefficient (bad)

not to snore openers – forget load or alienate your readers with comments of how many people in many countries have different ideas about life and society and all the blah, blah, blah hard-to-wrap-the-brain-around opening comments… which simply send the reader to find more intriguing to read.

not obvious – Similar to the generalizations of snoring, the obvious comments in an opener will have eyes (if not heads) rolling readers is mental masturbation on TV or ads are used to manipulate us statements that can avoid – using an old quote from Marshall McCluhan or Cleo Awards description, for example, instead.

not to the HYPERBOLE – put me through school as a waitress, had a number of regular customers who were also writers, said. They would speak of me during my shift, reciting their best work. One insists to reiterate his description of rolling green hills that kissed the edges of the sparkling waters at the foot of the majestic span of bridge Golden Gate… until I get so mental fantasizing to carry the weight of glossy glass pot coffee screaming down upon his head. In other words, I am not exaggerating. Do not bring heavy drama and description that overwhelm and, again, away from its readers. Follow with the truth. Stick with the openers that work.

US modes of use for openers attractive… and I use one here, by necessity… and regret

have you ever read an article on how do it on web content written in making a website that brings traffic (the attention of many). It had already reluctantly that the understanding that web content writing is very different from academic writing, has different goals, different audiences, and different elements that lend themselves to a ‘A’ piece of writing. In fact, it is so different to write for the web have to unravel all we worked for weaving, have to unlearn all we’ve learned as writers of college English.

do not confuse Web content/editorial and writing academic

says the author of this article to start copying of the web will jump the opener and go directly to the main point (at the Academy know that you as the thesis). Not bad. This made sense, I thought, as readers of the web read differently: fast, read them level, jump… to extract the most useful information in the shortest amount of time. (Probably what you are reading now, hoping to get the point).

– I was with Mr. Web when he explained these facts.

– I was with him, said the research findings that support the justification to sacrifice the good academic exposure to text in the web.

– and I was there with their tips and tricks, which were great… until it went too far, judgment on writers who actually use openers:

he claimed that writers who rely on openers do not have “the courage” to get right to the point. So I lost.

do not leave anyone shame their learning writing tricks

we can adapt to any rhetorical style. We can adjust our notions of what makes for good writing. But we should refuse when a writer how insulting to other methods of writing. Even we should ignore the implications of cowardice as unnecessary ad hominem attacks. False attacks. False teaching and floppy and frivolous. Screw.

readers of academic essay writing to appreciate (even more) a good opener

openers in academic writing, whether in a developed creative literary response or a historical study, they are essential. They are a more mild form of drawing in attracting readers. They are at first very difficult to do well, but our mastery of them–which is possible–has nothing to with courage, which comes from the French word, “coeur”, the heart. We have a lot of heart. We are studying English, for the sake of hell.

against my will, then this page opens with a statement and makes the point well. First of all. But it also has a “grabber” slipped, because we are looking grabbers and because, well, I can not help it. I want prose worthy model for you.

samples of openers effective essay by mode and type

will share with you some samples, written by my former students (who have granted permission for the use of his work as models):

* people love stories. We love to tell stories. The opener of the narrative:

once an hour, during the time of slavery, had fears of the black and white, and was born the “word”. Therefore, someone came up with the “word”. Two hundred years later at my sister’s House, children still use this “word”. Sometimes even hear me say this “word”. But, guess what? I check myself and correct, because when you use the “word” to anyone, no matter who you are or what you are, the color is totally disrespectful.

the word: “nigger”. (1)

* to establish credibility, try a sober introduction and scholarly. The opener of facts/statistics:

at the age of forty-four, 47 percent of American women have had an abortion. (Day 6) To describe this statistics as anything other than a tragedy it is to deny the sanctity of human life. Christian abortion debate rests on the moral and theological dimension [s] on this topic. To examine the moral dimensions of abortion without examining the social sphere it is ignoring the mutually dependent relationship that surrounds this debate. (2)

* by appealing to the senses attracts and keeps readers interested. The descriptive opener:

rain is pelting my car without a break as I drive College of [XXX]. Cars running on the highway cause water on the pavement about to explode into a fine mist that surrounds each vehicle with a sheet of billowing of opacity. Finally, I come against my small two-bedroom house. With a sigh of relief, I go into my living room.

lately, this House has become a haven of safety, me refuge of elements of nature from the unpredictable malevolence and not provoked that the experience of one of my instructors. My fear is accentuated by the fact that appear to be the main recipient of outbursts of this master of iniquity. Slowly, my eyes changes across the room and get in the game I have to read for my English class. It’s Mamet’s Oleanna. I pick up the book and I soon found drawn in history. Quickly, it becomes clear to me that this game [deals with] the relationship between a Professor (John) and his student (Carol). While both characters show evidence of an interesting variety of behaviors, John fascinates me more. I start to wonder if John shows symptoms of an underlying psychological disorder. (3)

put readers on the inside of the frame, paper. The direct opener of the address:

in the middle of a burning hell. Your mind is moving at the speed of light. They are still paralyzed by fear. The silence is deafening from the confines of the four walls. You’re not in control. I wonder how the communication between the members of the family, especially between mother and father has ceased. Every day that passes, only silence can be heard. The usual talk at the table is considerably diminished. Is human trafficking, “Pass the corn, please”. Or a self dispensation from the table. (4)

promote confidence, establish authority from the beginning. Authorized quotation opener:

“generations of students have studied calculus without seeing his power.” This declaration can be found in an article by K.C. Cole entitled “Bringing Earth calculation”, The Los Angeles Times. I certainly agree with Cole. Earlier in the course of the class (calculus), was not sure about the use of the calculation and the importance of it. Others like me, as friends, felt the same. For this reason, I suppose, I’m doing this research. This research is for students like me to get realize that “there is some calculation,” as Cole says in the article… (5)

keep with the traditional lesson “Show, not tell”. The opener for example:

sex is great. Pairto me, it’s feelings and experiences, feeling the flesh against flesh, the experience of orgasm after orgasm. Sometimes, even, it is that feeling of being special, dear and beloved. I guess that my parents had sex. It is not an image that I would like to bring to mind. But when my father has sex with someone who is not my mom, how will I feel after? (6)

involved asking the opinion and reflective participation of readers. Deep opening rhetorical question:

is the West true game, written by the actor and writer Sam Shepard, a sublimation of their own rivalry between brothers or a streamlined one? Writes about two brothers that they are equal in intelligence, but opposite in character. The brother lives by his wits and the youngest of his pen. in his unique style, Shepard uses many symbols that describe the interested emotions that make up these two brothers. Also used metaphors that reel you, the public, in the depths of anger, pain, and the reality of life… (7)

Finally, the encouragement of (good) cash opener

appropriate introductory material Yes. I.e., use an opener that is relevant to the topic of the essay. Use an opener that suits the material. For example, a definition of alcoholism (which might work if you were writing a book) may be too awkward for a role of cause and effect study the influence of alcoholism in the family.

does to openers APT. Do the modes that you are best in writing. And what better done. Write what works for you and your audience and their allocation.

Yes, overlap modes. A narrative opener will have descriptive details. A budget can be combined with data and statistics. But instead of tripping over what are the exact boundaries between modes or types of passages of Scripture, focuses on the specifics of a type of opener of as understand it. The rest will be extra material that simply enhances your style.

and Yes to participate, presentations to your readers in the place where its opinion thesis sits expected to declare its bold, truths. That should not be denied or had neglected… more than your audience should be.

end Notes

(1) Bronson, to. “The word”.

(2) Roncella, L. “Abortion judge”.

(3) prince, U. “To who cares? [Tolosa[A Study of Oleanna] “

(4), w the.” “Dark silence”.

(5) Pham, D. “Calculation as a necessary tool”.

(6) Gutierrez, R. “Dad, why cheat?”

(7) Stark, C. “[…a Study of the Psychology of True West].”


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How to Begin Writing an Essay – The Power of 3 For an Easy Takeoff

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therefore, you have finally sat down to write his essay that probably very soon. You are looking at blank screen thinking to yourself: “why should I do this?” You probably have a lot of other thoughts that we invite you to share with my readers. Let’s be honest: you have the syndrome of acquired fear white page.

Te hear because I’ve been there. I’ve found for me that the hardest part of writing an essay is to write that first sentence. What is the cure?

the power of three:

write your essay in 3 steps

  1. write his thesis
  2. write your body
  3. make the correction of power

to write their thesis:

  1. choose your theme
  2. choose the verb
  3. reach three points of support (Yes the power of the three again)

1. The subject is essentially what your essay is about.

this is an example of a thesis:

game video benefit the health of the players.

what is the subject of this sentence? In other words, what is this sentence? It is video games. Please note that it is not just video games or players. It’s the law of video games specifically.

2. the word simply describes what the subject is or.

in this example, the theme is Video Games. Therefore, what it does, according to the thesis statement The players health benefits. Thus, the verb is ‘benefits’.

now that you have the subject and verb (and, in this case, the object that is ‘the players’ health), the thesis is performed. But a thesis is only the main part of the thesis. To complete the thesis statement, you have to do step 3:

3. Reach three points of support (Yes, the power of the three again).

as well, rather than be stuck thinking what write then here is a great way to test creativity blow:

raise with 3-point support to support your thesis. What can be? The easiest is just thinking about your thesis as an answer to a question. Therefore, if the above thesis is the answer, then what question?

how videogames benefit health of players?

or

from that ways video games benefit the health of the players?

and since you are using the power of three, here’s your answer: Video games

benefit the health of the players in three ways.

well. Do you see where it goes? Now you have a nice way to structure shortly. And all you have to do is reach three ways that video games can benefit the health of the players. These are some of the ideas:

Video games can benefit health in the following ways:

  • that improving coordination hand-eye coordination
  • provides relief from stress
  • burns calories

Wow! I can’t believe that I came up with three benefits for the health of the video games! And I did it without doing any research. And it took me about a minute. Now, if you are writing a research paper, then better go on the Internet and do a simple search to validate these claims. However, if only you are writing for a kind of writing, such as English 101, then most likely your teacher or instructor no matter if you’ve done your research and only cares about the quality of your essay.

and now – your complete thesis:

Video Games benefit the health of the players in three ways. First, it improves hand-eye coordination. Secondly, it provides relief from stress. And finally, it burns calories.

and is your first paragraph. Now, depending on how many pages your essay should focus only on one section at a time and provide some evidence. I’ll show you how to do this in another article.

therefore, see how the power of the three can help you write your first couple of sentences? Do not hesitate to send me a line if you have any questions or comments. Philip Saparov


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The 5 C’s of Argumentative Essay Writing: How to Create a Great Argument

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to help my writing of the University students understand the attitude necessary for the creation of a strong argumentative essay, I invented the device of the “5 C”, which emphasizes clarity, openness, trust, control and understanding.

clarity. be direct and simple in its argumentative writing. Openness means clarity. Using their own language, clearly and accurately. Never use words that you don’t know the exact meaning. Avoid phrases tortured or fluffy ever. Do not waste time to get to the point. Do not hold your audience in suspense; suspense is for novels of mystery, not argumentative essay.

candor. make his mission being honest with your readers . Give readers something to use in the real world: cost tips, useful information that you have discovered, a careful description of problems and useful solutions to problems. Level with your readers about important information than less brave writers who would not write about.

confidence. be calm and firm about the righteousness of his argument. not demand that readers agree Ironically, this approach shows a lack of confidence. we invite the readers with you and congratulate you for choosing your firm side. Recognize the opposition views, but refute them immediately and with determination. Read classic writers who argue with quiet confidence, whether or not you agree with them, as Machiavelli in the Prince and steals their attitudes.

control. a) not to relax or go out of . Deploy the power of underestimation. A strong argument has more impact when it is essential that when he shouted or screamed. Not to mention others excessively. They always retain the first word and last word of each paragraph by itself. (B) [balance the structure of your essay .] Each section of the essay should have a specific role. When complies with that role, move. Avoid overly long paragraphs to prevent excessively long, first and last paragraphs. To avoid overloaded initially that only confuses readers, is not explained in the first paragraph . Dare your readers to be interested in the rest of his trial further than the beginning. Let your first paragraph set the theme and thesis only and quickly move to paragraphs mid where his explanation should happen.

understanding. anyone who is its subject, proactively readers show that well understand you. Be a useful guide through complex issues and a judge’s knowledge when choices must be made. Completely cover the territory and give readers information that is not likely to know. Generous knowledge useful, real exchange is the fastest way to establish trust with your audience. will never forget the ultimate goal, which is to contribute freely with his wisdom and help readers sincerely .


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College Admission Essay – An Important Means of Seeking Admission

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with more and more available to students career opportunities, there are a number of avenues academics also opens. The students prefer to study abroad as it gives them a wide scope of improvement. One of the important part of the income which is to write a college admission essay. Writing a college admission essay is different from a dress rehearsal. Some points to be in has to the write an essay of admission of the University are:

1. Be yourself: your essay should contain information about you, but not to brag too much. Keep the content of the matter. In addition, do not try to sound like someone who you are not.

2. humor: Although an admission essay must contain your personal and academic information, a bit of humor would be welcome. Try not to make fun of itself, but a touch of humor can lighten mood.

3. single: know the College about their talent, apart from your interests and hobbies. He should show his leadership qualities and talent, that will make a difference in your essay. This is what will make you unique compared to others.

4. think outside the box: only way to respond to certain questions. This is what will make you different. Your essay must be strong, not only in revealing himself to management, but they also reveal that you’re different from the others that apply and deserves a place in your school.

5. focus on a particular aspect writing. If you start to mix words, it would lose its value, making it lose its chance to make an impression. Also, not to be vague in his thoughts, be specific with your idea.

6. think, evaluate, and make a note of the important points that you would like to incorporate in your essay. Only do not include points such as fillers, must have appropriate content.

7. University admission test should not be a general essay about you. You have to be very specific in terms of their ambitions.

8. as they say ‘many people spoil the broth’, seek the opinion of only a few people. Keep not seeking all his opinion.

9. If there are spelling mistakes in your essay. There is nothing worse that Miss simple spelling that takes on a totally different meaning and ruin the true meaning and the purpose of the trial.

10. Last, but not least format and submit your essay properly. Not only look good, but also enhances the value of your essay, which gives you a better chance of admission.

University admission test is very important since it decides if you can make your dream of studying in a private school reality. Therefore, take care to write the essay, no longer do so, stick to the point and be yourself.


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An Important Skill For College Students – Annotation

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difference in the learning process of the student; different strategies are used to capture the essence of a lesson or topic. Among the strategies used by the students, annotation is one that is considered to be very effective. What is this technique and how it benefits students?

what is annotation?

annotation refers to highlight and comments in the margins of an article by mark.

what is the purpose of note?

highlighting the important material and translating into his own words on the margins means that you only have to read a chapter at a time. Additional readings are a waste of time. When it comes time for a test, just study what you extracted as important: the highlighted comments and margin.

what is the first step to annotate?

read the title and a paragraph or two to get an idea of the main point of the authors. Why was this article written? Once you know the purpose of the authors, it is easier to select the main ideas and important details.

how much should you highlight?

as a general rule is to highlight between 25-30% of the page. If they are highlighting more, is often too, unless it is a very detailed scientific article, for example. If they are highlighting less, likely that they are ignoring important ideas.

how you should highlight?

are never in complete sentences – what “color”. It should be mentioned in “telegram” language – pretend that you are paying by the word. Be selective forces to think while highlighting, while daydreaming occurs when you are “color lines”.

what is the purpose of marking in the margins?

you must write in the margins to explain the material in your own words. You will probably have read some paragraphs several times before you understand them. Once you’re able to translate the idea of authors, you know that I understand. When it is time for a review, simply study the material highlighted and marked. Of course, do not forget that it also has important points in your notes.

how do I know if the annotation is done well?

you can check the highlight to read it again. While sounds choppy, should tell him to a story understandable for someone that not made the reading. If it makes no sense, they have not emphasized the right words.

how studying your notes? •Place

the facts in flashcards. •Place

a term on the front and explanation on the back in the form of list, in phrases – do not use the prayers. Lists are easy to remember using word tricks called mnemonics.

record is one of the most essential of study at University skills. Although it takes more time to read something if they are describing it, have done the hard work at the front. When announcing a test and other students are struggling to read the chapters, you simply have to study your notes!


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History Essay Writing – How to Write a Historical Essay

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history essay is a little complicated for a very important reason – story is not really about dates and names and locations. A history of good University essay should take the problems of a class of history and represent them in an interesting way. After all, history is telling stories and say in new and interesting ways.

always tell my writing students that a good college essay be argumentative or persuasive in nature. The work of a writer of the University is to present a topic in a new and interesting way – not simply reiterate information.

is the largest student mistake writers make in the history of the writing of the essay!

must never be approaching a historic trial that the “facts” are most important for the reader. Facts alone are useless. The question that looms for its public (especially the teacher – an expert in history writing) is, “what the facts mean?”

for example: do not want to write what they like to call the trial of George Washington. It’s a trial that simply narrates the life and times of G.W. first. We call this a biographical essay. Trust me: this is the last thing the instructor wants to see.

his work is taking the life of George Washington and make it interesting. In other words, you need to say something unique about the existence of the first President and make an argument or take a new interpretation of the facts.

information alone is very boring. The work of a good writer must have daily information and transform it into something unique. Most beginning writers struggle with this part of the essay writing process. It can be quite difficult to both submit accurate information and looking in a new way. Of course, each College writer needs to spend time in writing in each trial process for best results.


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Custom Essay Writing – Should You Buy Essays Online?

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writing services custom essay proliferate on the web these days. Whenever I turn on, it seems there is a new website sale of trials for unsuspecting college students around the world. These companies are unethical and doing their customers a greater prejudice.

continue reading to find out why you should never pay money to an essay online.

where get their essays essay writing services? Although many of these companies gives you to believe they are creating essays with a team of writers, most of these so-called essay writing services really outsource their writing to the India and other countries. Think of it: someone in Delhi is charging a few dollars an hour to write his paper at the University.

why is it so bad to buy an essay which was produced in a foreign country? Besides the obvious loss of the opportunity to grow intellectually and the apparent loss of tuition for the University, an essay written by a foreigner will simply not reflect expectations of a school of writing class in the United States.

many custom essay writing services also provide you with a finished document which is recycled work previously composed for other customers. Some of these trials even plays online and be easy for the instructor and dismiss as simple plagiarism.

as a college writing instructor myself, I’ve found very easy to identify trials that students or buy online, pay someone to write. It is not difficult and often very obvious when it happens. I want to urge you to think twice (three times) that this error the next time you think about skip a task and find an essay for sale on the web. Not only be shooting your college education, also is likely to get caught!


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Why do Every Cosplayer need a Cosplay Wig

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Cosplay is now a familiar term for most folks today, you are able to view shows that are cosplay and hear cosplay news in some places. In many people’s view, cosplay is a game, it is only amusement for individuals. Cosplay storylines will be chosen by them from game titles as well as from anime pictures, manga novels.

You’ve got to invest a lot into the groundwork, to be honest, if you desire to hold a cosplay successfully. You must prepare everything before you begin to do other things needed. You must pick the appropriate cosplay costumes, cosplay wigs, cosplay weapons plus some other accessories that are cosplay.

You should pay focus on the quality of these wigs, typically it is guided to pick the good quality one as it is going to not do damage to you personally, when you select cosplay wigs. Simply the quality and healthful wigs are the finest.

Cosplay wigs are also rather crucial, although yes, they’re appropriate. With the wig that is cosplay, it is possible to get what hair style you need. For instance, in case you are playing with a princess, you then can select a gold long wig which may cause you to get gorgeous and cunning.

We Have a Great Family Routine Going Here at Our Apartment in Lynchburg, VA

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When we were younger you had to bring your own major appliances with you when you moved into an apartment. Plus, most places did not have a dishwasher, and there was usually only room for a stackable washer and dryer. Not anymore! We moved into this place that offers apartments in Lynchburg VA that are very nice. They provide you with a refrigerator and full-size washer and dryer. The kitchen also has a dishwasher, and I am not referring to me! We got great countertops and beautiful floors.

Outside is a splash park that is really fun. It is a concrete area where water fountains squirt water into arcs in the air. It is right next to the playground. Our kids really like it. There is also a very nice swimming pool with a waterfall area. Continue reading