Author Archives: Elsa

Essay Writing Tips – Creating a Compelling Introduction

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When it comes to writing essays, many would argue that the introduction is the key to whether your essay is a success or failure. The introduction should serve to inform, inspire and potentially educate the reader, but this is only possible if the introduction is written in such a way that it can be deemed compelling. How you achieve this will obviously depend to some extent on the subject matter but there are some key points to consider, no matter what the subject, which could help you to achieve the compelling introduction to open your essay.

Firstly, remember that your introduction doesn’t need to be, and indeed shouldn’t be too lengthy. Using excess words or developing topics or themes too thoroughly at this stage will leave you struggling to write original content later on in your essay, when the arguments need to be powerful and thought provoking. If you explain all your theories and ideas in the first paragraph the reader will have no reason to read on. Furthermore, succinct writing, especially in the introduction allows for a clear background to your essay to be established.

Background information is essential for any sound essay, and the introduction is the point at which this information should be entered. Providing a background to your question, hypothesis and research will allow your essay to be set in context, making it a far more compelling read.

Once you have laid out the background, you should then briefly mention the key points of your essay, consider what you are trying to prove or disprove. If your argument is countered or supported by other research, state how your work will differ or show similarities to these schools of thought.

Having informed the reader about the background, and stated your key arguments you can then go on to explain exactly how your essay will be developed in terms of research techniques, literature reviews, experiments, and analysis. Again, be sure not to reveal all of the secrets of your essay in your introduction, just enough to inform, enlighten and encourage the reader to want to find out more.

Remember that if you’re trying to get someone to want to read your work, it helps if you actually want to write it in the first place; therefore before you start any writing, make sure your essay is dealing with a topic that interests you. This will then come across in your writing and will help to make not only a compelling introduction but a compelling essay in its entirety.


21 Movie Review – The Ultimate Scholarship Essay

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I had a great time at 21. The plot was enjoyable, the college life undercurrents were fun, and you can even find a love story in it. The use of a scholarship essay made my day, since I usually write about student loans, scholarships, and grants – icing on the cake.

The Basics: Who and What

21 stars Jim Sturgess as MIT student Ben Campbell, a math whiz who plans to go to Harvard Medical School. The movie takes place in his senior year at MIT. He has all A’s, and works at a men’s clothing store for $8 an hour. Why a math genius wants to be a doctor, I don’t know, except that doctors make a pretty penny, and he knows that.

Ben applies for the prestigious Robinson Scholarship, which will pay all of his expenses for Harvard, a total of about $300,000. Serious cash. While discussing his qualifications with a representative of the scholarship, Ben learns what he is up against. The scholarship went to a one legged immigrant last year. He worries he doesn’t have what it takes, and starts looking for other ways to make money.

At this point, we meet Kevin Spacey as slick Professor Micky Rosa and Kate Bosworth as cute MIT student and blackjack spotter Jill Taylor. With help from others on the team, they recruit Ben, promising him lots of money.

Counting Cards Instead of a Scholarship

Ben leans the simple art of card counting, and the team rules. The movie actually teaches fairly well how to count cards – not that I gamble. Truth is, you have to track the shuffles, use multiple spotters counting multiple tables to find a hot deck and so on. It can take months to actually go well at this, and the casinos watch for it in real life. Not the best way to make money for college, but appealing for some people, I’m sure.

I won’t ruin the story for you – take a peek, maybe you’ll like it. 21 entertained me, which is all I ask of a good movie. The card counting college team lives it up while they are in Vegas. Ben and Jill do find some time to have a relationship. Aaaah, isn’t that sweet…

21 is based on Bringing Down The House, by Ben Mezrich about an MIT blackjack team in 1993, but the movie is modernized. I saw the summary version on the Discovery Channel (I think) about 4 years ago. They did win large amounts of money, but probably not as much as in the movie. And they did get shut down, by winning too much at too many casinos.

Card counting, as far as I know, is not illegal, just against casino rules. The real life team had to shut down because all the casinos knew them – and they did play many casinos, not just one.

Remember, this is a movie. You’ll find a few good twists and some nonlinear storytelling. I don’t recommend earning money for college like this, but the scholarship essay adds to the ending. Go see it.


Help Me Write an Essay: Using PEAL and DRAPES Methods in Your Essay

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Are you having a hard time writing your essay papers? Or have you even considered saying this to yourself “help me write an essay!”? I know this may be a bit harsh but you need to evaluate yourself if ever you are capable of doing as such. Most probably, you can either choose between these two options, seek for a professional help or continue writing the easy on your own. In case you would go for the first option then you will never get bothered of expressing one’s issue. On the other hand, you will need to do it the best that you can, if not, you may seek help from your close friends, colleagues, and those that are close to you.

Again, let us face the fact that writing an essay is really not an easy task. So what would be the first and next thing you should do? First of all, you need to find sources with regards to your topic. And following that use PEAL and Drapes methods. But before anything else, I suggest that you consider these essay writing guidelines.

Help Me Write an Essay Guideline for Better Content Build-Up

1.) Choosing a topic that is relevant as well as in line with your field of interest. This will help you create consistent content as well. However, always remember to set off personal dispositions.

2.) Listing important ideas will surely help you not to get lost along the way. This serves as your blueprint considering that you are now building the structure of your essay. Also, your plan should be thoroughly elaborated for easy reading.

3.) Writing introduction must be brief and concise. Readers do not like to read dull essays, so make sure you carefully incorporate those techniques.

4.) Thoroughly assemble your context. Arrange your ideas in a presentable as well as straightforward manner so that it will easily be comprehended. Always adhere to your primary concept and factually express your viewpoints.

5.) Just like your introduction, make sure that you briefly cite your ideas. There is a possibility that your content will become dull if you write longer.

As soon as you incorporate these basic guidelines then it would be applicable to use PEAL technique.

Using PEAL Essay Writing Technique

First off, what is PEAL? It is an acronym wherein each letter has its own corresponding word.

P – Purpose; what is the purpose of your essay? Make sure you point out important details in your sentences. This will make your content very interesting to the readers.

E – Explanation; explain your thought well and provide suitable proof in order to sustain your justifications during the entire essay.

A – Analysis; examine the value of your content and its justifications. Comprehensively examine any possible arguments opposing to your personal judgement.

L – Link; link your paragraphs making it one. Meaning it should be read like a story. The overall content must adhere to your idea and topic, not just a big aimless conclusion.

Basically, PEAL is designed to make academic writing, engaging, convincing, outstanding and entertaining. With this effective technique, I guess you won’t have to say “help me write an essay” again.

Aside from using PEAL method there is another technique that truly is noteworthy and it is called DRAPES Method.

Using DRAPES Method Essay Writing Technique

DRAPES method is essentially designed to maintain composition planning and develop concepts for your content without difficulty. Just like PEAL, DRAPES is also an Acronym, in which every letter has its own corresponding word.

D – Dialogue; dynamically using direct quotes in your content especially if a person is expressing something. But you need to remember not to use too my quotes in your article. Suggested ratio is around 25%.

R – Rhetorical Question; questions targeted for your readers with regards to the topic.

A – Analogy; you need to actively employ a figure of speech, simile.

P – Personal Experience; you incorporate your personal experiences to your content around two or three sentences along with a dialogue.

E – Example; make sure that your example reflects to the entire idea of the essay.

S – Statistics; meaning you will be using digits or percentages.

If you employ these techniques in a comprehensive manner, then the question Help Me Write an Essay will be answered.


Some Tips for Quickly Writing an Essay

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If you’re in high school and you’ve just gotten your major term paper assignment, odds are it’s not a little 500 word essay that you have to write. Pending on your level in your year, you may be looking at a 3 to 5000 word paper most likely do within a month. That said, you probably wondering if there’s a way that you can get to writing this post quickly and correctly so that you can finish it and finish up with a high mark. Of course, this means that you will have to do quite a bit of work in the beginning but, here are some tips that you can use when you’re looking to start writing that essay.

The first tip of course is to start research right away as soon as you either pick your topic or have gotten assigned to you. This is the major portion of writing an essay and it is something that for whatever reason, some students think they can just skip or doing complete job on. However, if you decide to do this you should know that you’ll be trying to research and write at the same time and this is something that for many of us, is not an easy thing to do and usually results in a shoddy final product.

Then once you may have completed in the past. This allows you to very quickly see both where you are in your writing process and to make sure that you stay on track.

Another thing for quickly writing your essay is once you started to write focus on one section for that day and when the section is written put, put it away, save it to the computer, and go do something else. Whatever you do you do not want to immediately go and try to edit it and polish it up as you just spend your time writing it and you will probably not see any mistakes anyway. The idea here is to let it sit for 24 hours and then once you’ve written your next section the next day, take it out and read over it peacefully and then you’ll be able to catch glasses and thought, confusing sentences and general errors that much quicker.

Finally, the best way to quickly write that essay is to let someone else edited at the end. This can be a family member it could be a friend or it could be a professional service. The idea is that you let them look through it and see what is wrong or needs to be corrected and you make the corrections and hand in the final paper this will cut down on your editing time and allow you more time to finish up on other topics.


Writing Essays – Using Topic Sentences to Entice Readers

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When you outline your essay’s topic sentences in the special way I’ll teach you, the idea level of your essay will not only be clearly organized, but it will also entice readers into reading the body paragraphs of your essay, as well.

Here’s the deal—The key ingredients for topic sentences are keywords, and there are two kinds:

1. CORE KEYWORDS, which are the main ideas in your thesis

2. Newness Keywords, which link your stories, examples, and reasoning support to your CORE KEYWORDS


For instance, suppose you’re writing an essay about salads.

You start off saying how most people love salads, and so do you. And, like most people, you like all kinds of salads, even fruit salads. But you’re different in that you can’t stand fruit salads with apples, bananas, or pears in them.

So here’s your thesis (CORE KEYWORDS are CAPITALIZED):

Like most people, I love salads, even FRUIT SALADS, but I just CAN’T STAND FRUIT SALADS with APPLES or BANANAS or PEARS.

Here’s a topic sentence for the first body paragraph to go with that thesis:


Though the topic sentence does link back to the thesis with CORE KEYWORDS, that’s a pretty dull topic sentence, isn’t it? Can you see why? Think about it for a moment. Something is dull and boring whennnnnnnn—can you think of when?

Okay, here it is—something is dull, boring, and uninteresting when there is nothing new in it (you knew that, right?). There’s nothing new in that topic sentence—it has already been stated in the thesis. It has no Newness Keywords to make readers curious about what’s next.

Create General Newness Keywords

To provide interest to CORE KEYWORDS and the main idea in your thesis, you add Newness Keywords.

Newness Keywords are generalities—that is, they are just a bit more general than the specifics of the stories, examples, or reasoning they introduce in their paragraph—and they usually summarize the paragraph. The following two sentences are preferred alternates to that deadly dull topic sentence above, and they illustrate some general Newness Keywords (italicized):


I just can’t stand apples in fruit salads—not red ones, anyway.

I just can’t stand apples in fruit salads because of some very bad experiences I had with apples in different foods.


You can see that by adding some general information as Newness Keywords you are telling your reader what kind of details are coming up in the paragraph. The first example indicates that the paragraph will tell something about “not red ones;” it may seem specific, but it’s not too specific, since we don’t know which “red ones” are being referred to or why.

The second example suggests you will reveal those “bad experiences” that have made you dislike apples in fruit salads. But, again, we don’t know which specific “bad experiences,” so it’s a generality. Those Newness Keywords make those topic sentences more interesting because they entice readers into wanting to read on and find out the specifics, the interesting details.

Newness Keywords are the secret sauce that appeal to your reader’s curiosity.

Combine CORE and Newness Keywords in Topic Sentences

When you combine Newness Keywords with CORE KEYWORDS in a topic sentence, you connect with the main idea of the thesis, and you hint at interesting details to come in the following paragraph, as you’ll see in the following three examples.

Example #1. Here’s a thesis supported with an outline of topic sentences. The outline shows the use of specific CORE KEYWORDS (CAPITALIZED) and general Newness Keywords(italicized):




Outline of Topic Sentences That Entice Readers

Despite the DIVORCE, I’ve GROWN EMOTIONALLY CLOSER to MY FATHER because now he lets me talk to him about important things, like boys.

Although he’s NOT AROUND EVERY DAY, MY FATHER does SOCIAL things with me nowadays, like going on “dates.”

Best of all, MY DAD’S FINANCIAL WAYS are better, now, and he buys me lots of fun things and gives me more money than before the divorce.


You’ve heard that, “A picture is worth a thousand words”—well, a good example is, too, and I think the example above says a lot.So I’ll just show you those topic sentences without their Newness Keywords and let you compare and see how much those Newness Keywords helped add enticing interest:


Despite the divorce, I’ve grown emotionally closer to my father.

Compared to—

Despite the divorce, I’ve grown emotionally closer to my father because now he lets me talk to him about important things, like boys.


Although he’s not around every day, my father does social things with me nowadays.

Compared to—

Although he’s not around every day, my father does social things with me nowadays, like going on “dates.”


Best of all, my dad’s financial ways are better, now.

Compared to—

Best of all, my dad’s financial ways are better, now,and he buys me lots of fun things and gives me more money than before the divorce.


Quite interesting differences, aren’t they?

Without Newness Keywords, readers won’t have much interest in reading on. But with the general Newness Keywords added, readers are stimulated to find out—

  • what “important things” she talks about with her dad, especially since there’s a hint that one of those things is “boys”—whether you’re a guy or a gal, you’re probably thinking: Hmm… could be something juicy, even though this is an essayyou never knowI’ll check this out….
  • what sort of “dates” will she tell about—might be some fancy restaurants you’ve heard about, or some concerts that only a dad would probably be able to afford, or maybe off to see the Grand Canyon or Disneyland or the Cayman Islands, lots of possibilities… might be worth reading on to find out….
  • what “fun things” is her dad buying her now? And he’s giving her more money than he did before the divorce? I don’t know about you, but I’m interested to hear the specific details, especially if those really are “fun things” and just how much more money he’s giving her now….

See what I’m getting at?

Example #2. This student example with CORE KEYWORDS and Newness Keywords gives another good illustration of how to entice readers to read on for the interesting details:




Outline of Topic Sentences That Entice Readers

That NOISY, DIRTY CITY BUS taught me to RELAX because I finally realized that no amount of cursing could hurry it.

After learning to RELAX on the BUS, I began studying French regularly while riding, which introduced me to my French angel and GOT ME much BETTER GRADES in French.

RIDING THE CITY BUS TAUGHT ME TO APPRECIATE THE HUMOR IN PEOPLE by showing me lots of silly personal dramas.


Of course, learning to relax on a bus is a yawner, but the first topic sentence suggests there’s an interesting story about cursing that goes along with that, which could provide some interesting phrases… might be a little shocking and fun to read about….

In the second topic sentence, the familiar, old view of getting nothing but irritation out of riding a bus might have some expected silver linings, but better grades because of it…?! And what’s that angel thing about?! Hmmm… just might have some tips that could be interesting and maybe even useful….

The Newness Keywords in the third topic sentence also look enticing, with the hint about “lots of silly personal dramas.” Sounds like some fun stories are going to be told in the next paragraph or two….

Example #2 shows once again the usefulness of Newness Keywords and the clarity and interest they can bring to your topic sentences while, at the same time, keeping focus on the main ideas of the thesis.

Example #3. Here’s another example of using topic sentences to outline the support for your thesis and get the reader’s curiosity juices flowing:




Outline of Topic Sentences That Entice Readers

Because of HER, over two years I PRACTICED so much that I developed wrists almost as strong as my athletic brother’s.

Since MY NASTY TYPING TEACHER graduated from a local business school, I got my own schooling there just to show her up—and I did!

Finally, I got MY FIRST SECRETARIAL JOB, making about twice what she makes—and I cleverly let her find out about it.


In the first topic sentence just above, “Because of HER” summarizes “Because of my typing teacher’s nasty criticism” from the thesis. One reason this works is that the first topic sentence follows right after the thesis in the essay, as usual, so we can easily see the connection. This might not have worked with any of the other topic sentences because they would be too far away from the thesis.

The Newness Keywords in the first topic sentence causes us to look forward to learning how strong her wrists really became…. could she beat her brother up, now?… seems to be leaning in that direction a bit…wonder whether that’s the case… think I’ll find out….

The Newness Keywords in the second topic sentence also rouse our curiosity … just how much did she manage to show up that nasty typing teacher… ‘rooting for the little guy’….

The third topic sentence uses Newness Keywords to let us know there’s a final blow to the writer’s long-worked-out plan of revenge… can’t wait to read about how she cleverly let her know about it, how she reacted, bet it’s great….

As you can see from these three example outlines of topic sentences I’ve shared with you, any writer of essays can write Newness Keywords in such a way that they’ll make their readers curious and want to read on.

Wouldn’t that be a pleasant change in the state of student essay writing—especially yours?


4 Secrets on How to Address a Low GPA and Get Into a Top MBA Program

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If you’re reading this article, you are probably in a bad spot. You had a bit too much fun in college, or had some things going on in your personal life that prevented you from fulfilling your academic potential. You are smart and capable, but have no idea how to get this across to the admissions committee at a top MBA program. Sounds depressing, right?

I know how you feel. Even if your GPA is less-than-stellar, getting into a top MBA program is still possible. It may not be easy, but it can be done with some effort. The key is conveying, beyond a shadow of a doubt, that you are more than capable of handling the academic rigors of a top MBA program. To do this, you’ll have to do some extra work to convince the applications committee of two important facts:

1) Your low GPA was not due to lack of ability; instead, it was due to other factors such as lack or effort or a personal crisis of some sort.

2) You have now gained the wisdom and maturity to prevent the same thing from happening again if you are admitted to business school.

Unfortunately, you can’t make your GPA disappear, but there are some strategies that will help you get into a top business school anyway. If you are below the 2.5 range, I suggest you do all three to show the admissions committee you are serious about addressing their concerns. I did.

Ace the GMAT – An above-average GMAT score will help make up for a low GPA on your application – especially on the quantitative section. Statistically speaking, your GMAT scores predict how well you will do in your first year of business school. A high score on the test will reassure the committee that you do have what it takes to succeed in their program, in spite of your past academic track record. Study hard, take as many sample tests as possible, and invest in a GMAT prep course if you can afford it.

Build an Alternate Transcript – The best way to address a low GPA is to build an alternative transcript. An alternative transcript is a series of classes (usually just 3 or 4) that you choose to take of your own accord. The effort required is inversely proportional to you GPA (i.e. higher GPA, less work). Make sure that you take the classes at a reputable, accredited school-the best school that you can afford in your area.

Business schools want applicants that have proven quantitative and analytical skills (and showing the effort of taking extra courses helps in and of itself). Therefore, your alternative transcript will have the most impact if you choose courses that require these types of skills, such as calculus, statistics, quantitative economics or finance. Also, it’s important that the courses be difficult, upper-level classes-getting an A in “Intro to Numbers 101” is not going to address the application committee’s concerns. When taking classes to build your alternative transcript, study hard and get the best grades possible. Your goal should be nothing less than to get straight A’s in each of these courses – otherwise you’ve just wasted your time.

Highlight Relevant Quantitative Work – On-the-job quantitative experience can be an important part of your GPA mitigation strategy, as long as you make the most of it. Highlight any quantitative, technical, or otherwise difficult work you’ve done on the job. If you were a financial analyst for the Federal Reserve, make it a point to highlight the time you wrote the econometric section for the chairman’s research report.

Supplemental Essay – It may also help your case if you attach a brief, optional essay to your application, addressing why your GPA is not higher. If you choose to attach an essay, don’t fall into the trap of making excuses for yourself. No one likes a whiner, and the admissions committee wants to see you demonstrate ownership. Take responsibility for your actions, and then explain what lessons you have learned since then that will enable you to do better if you are admitted to business school. I repeat:

1.) offer no excuses,

2.) take responsibility, and

3.) explain why it should no longer be a concern to the admissions committee.

A low GPA can be a handicap when applying to an MBA program, but don’t let it hold you back. The admissions committee’s goal is to admit applicants who they believe will do well in business school. If you spend the extra time and effort to prove that you are serious, capable and committed to being a good student, you don’t have to give up on getting your MBA. Who knows, one day I may even run into you at a Stanford GSB reunion.


5 Reasons Why College Visits Are Important For College Admissions

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College visits are one of the most important steps in the college search and selection process. They are the only way to get a true feel for a campus and find out whether it is the right fit for your student. College tours help students to find out about the admissions policies, programs, and campus culture.

Here are 5 reasons why college visits are important for college admissions:

1. College visits are a great way to check out potential schools and light a motivational fire under prospective applicants. They also help to get students excited about going to college. A college visit can also help students understand what the college admissions process is all about and what is required of them in order to be successful. There is also no substitute for a personal visit to help students gain a better focus for their applications.

2. The more colleges students see, the easier it will be for them to know what they like and do not like about different kinds of schools. College trips are a critical part of coming up with a balanced list of schools to apply to. They also make it easier for students to make informed college decisions based on what they have personally observed.

3. A college visit demonstrates to a school that students are interested enough to come and find out whether the college is right for them. This is something that schools consider when they are making college admissions decisions. They want to know what kind of contact students have had with their school. Have they met with a college representative, had an off campus interview, visited with someone at a college fair or most importantly, come for a college visit?

4. Students should not believe everything they see in a view book or on a college website. Colleges are pros at marketing themselves with glossy photos and flashy DVDs. A college tour helps students find out about any unexpected surprises that might not be obvious without a college tour. Sometimes the surrounding area is not what students thought it would be or safety is a real concern. These issues are only evident when you take time to tour the campus.

5. College visits help students to make up their mind when it is time to decide on a final college decision. Hopefully, students have written down the pros and cons of the schools they have seen and are able to weigh these up as they finalize their college choice. It is most important that students choose a school that is the right fit for them. It is not the name of the school, but the experience you have as an undergraduate that will contribute the most to a successful future.

On a college visit, students should take the time to stand in the middle of a campus and look around and ask, “Could I see myself as a student here? Is this where I would like to spend the next four years of my life?” Your answers will be very revealing and hopefully lead you to the school that is right for you.


A + Writing Tips for an Argumentative essay on Any Topic

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1. Introduction

In an argumentative essay, the introduction is very important. It gives the reader his / her first impression of an argumentative essay.

Start with a short background.

Example: Every pet owner knows that there are intense responsibilities that go along with having a cat or dog. You must feed and exercise your pet, to keep it physically healthy; You must play with it, and keep it emotionally healthy too. You have to keep it safe from cars, people, or other animals, and you bought to protect other people, property, or pets from your own animal.

Introduce the debated question / issue.

Example: There's another responsibility that not all pet owners think about, however: spaying or neutering, or "fixing." What does "fixing" you pet mean? Simply put, it means taking your pet to the vet for a quick, cheap surgery that will prevent your pet from ever becoming a mother or father.

Explain why it's important.

Example: This surgery solves problems that pet owners know about, and some that they might not consider considered before.

State your position.

Example: In fact, I believe that all pet owners should be required to have their pets fixed.

2. Counterclaim refutation paragraph

Clearly state the point.

Example: Spaying surgery is expensive. Spaying surgery is risky.

Persuasively refute or rebut the point using evidence (logical explanation, facts, statistics, well-known authority opinions).

To refute the point is to prove it is incorrect:

Example: Almost all cities have a fund to help pay for the surgery. Just ask your vet or the local SPCA (Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals). The cost can be as low as $ 10.

To rebut the point is to prove that it is irrelevant or not powerful enough.

Example: Spaying or neutering when your pet is young and healthy is almost 100% safe. On other hand, your animal is in much more danger if it is not fixed, for the urge to run away from home will put your pet in extremely dangerous situations.

Turn this point to the opposite point, thus supporting your thesis.

Example: Therefore, there is no way we can agree with this point. Spaying or neutering should be done as soon as you get your pet.

3. Claim supporting paragraph

Clearly state the point.

Example: Spaying is good for the health of your pet.

Provide supporting evidence (logical explanation, facts, statistics, well-known authority opinions).

Example: Animals who are not fixed can sometimes go crazy trying to find mates. They can injure themselves trying to escape from their homes, or they may fight with other animals when they have escaped. Of course, while running free, they are in danger from cars. And finally, for females who become mothers, we must remember that giving birth is not a safe process.

Restate the argument as a proven thesis

Example: For the regular pet owner, all these reasons should be strong enough to convince them to "fix" their dear pet.

4. Conclusion

The conclusion of an argumentative essay is just as important as the introduction. The conclusion seals the essay and tries to close the issue. Conclusion is the last part of the essay that your reader will experience.

Restate (do not repeat) your claim.

Example: No matter how you look at it, there's really no valid reason not to spay or neuter your pet.

Briefly recount the arguments.

Example: Whatever you consider the potential suffering of unborn animals, the health and comfort of your own pet, or your own convenience as a pet owner, you must agree that the facts all show that spaying or neutering is the way to go.

Remember that you should not present any new arguments in your conclusion.

End by showing the importance of your conclusion.

Example: It's not only the convenient choice, but also the morally right choice, and one that all pet owners should make.

If you followed the above instructions, you now have an argumentative essay, on any topic, which is well written and has a good chance to get a high grade.


How to Summarize and Paraphrase For Academic Writing

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Do you know how to summarize your writing and paraphrase your content? In academic writing, summarizing and paraphrasing are very essential skills. With majority of college writing essays geared towards proving a point, you will very likely need to depend on a lot of source material to effectively argue your case.

First, a bit of refresher:

  • Summarizing is all about reducing a material down to its most important points, often bringing it down to roughly a third or less of the original source.
  • Paraphrasing, on the other hand, is about restating a passage in your own words, often as an alternative to using a direct quotation.

In the case of your college essays, you will employ both techniques to integrate evidence from previous writing into your own work. If you’re struggling to put together either type, the following advice might help.


  • Scan the text.
  • Locate and highlight the main points. A good first place to look for are the topic sentences on each paragraph.
  • Rewrite the material using the main points you found, setting aside evidence and examples.


  • Review the source text.
  • Rewrite it in your own words.
  • Use reporting verbs and phrases to show attribution.
  • Put unique and author-driven phrases in quotes.

Like other parts of your essays, summaries and paraphrases are best done with the help of a competent writing software. While the thoughts you will express in them aren’t original, the words you will be using are and they’ll be best served with a dose of polish from such a tool.


Writing Effective (and Requisite) Essay Openers

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when we write for college courses, we write for an audience other than ourselves. And it’s an audience of more than one, the teacher who assigned the piece. A good way of thinking (and forget) is to imagine that we are writing the assignment for a popular magazine that is in multiple copies on the shelves of an equally popular Bookstore. For every magazine sold, pretend, we get a percentage.

our goal, then, is how big and generalized a number of readers possible – to connect as many browsers as possible – with an effective opener (also known as an introduction). Therefore we must engage, in the first place, prior to entertain, educate or inform.

first warnings and comments about openers inefficient (bad)

not to snore openers – forget load or alienate your readers with comments of how many people in many countries have different ideas about life and society and all the blah, blah, blah hard-to-wrap-the-brain-around opening comments… which simply send the reader to find more intriguing to read.

not obvious – Similar to the generalizations of snoring, the obvious comments in an opener will have eyes (if not heads) rolling readers is mental masturbation on TV or ads are used to manipulate us statements that can avoid – using an old quote from Marshall McCluhan or Cleo Awards description, for example, instead.

not to the HYPERBOLE – put me through school as a waitress, had a number of regular customers who were also writers, said. They would speak of me during my shift, reciting their best work. One insists to reiterate his description of rolling green hills that kissed the edges of the sparkling waters at the foot of the majestic span of bridge Golden Gate… until I get so mental fantasizing to carry the weight of glossy glass pot coffee screaming down upon his head. In other words, I am not exaggerating. Do not bring heavy drama and description that overwhelm and, again, away from its readers. Follow with the truth. Stick with the openers that work.

US modes of use for openers attractive… and I use one here, by necessity… and regret

have you ever read an article on how do it on web content written in making a website that brings traffic (the attention of many). It had already reluctantly that the understanding that web content writing is very different from academic writing, has different goals, different audiences, and different elements that lend themselves to a ‘A’ piece of writing. In fact, it is so different to write for the web have to unravel all we worked for weaving, have to unlearn all we’ve learned as writers of college English.

do not confuse Web content/editorial and writing academic

says the author of this article to start copying of the web will jump the opener and go directly to the main point (at the Academy know that you as the thesis). Not bad. This made sense, I thought, as readers of the web read differently: fast, read them level, jump… to extract the most useful information in the shortest amount of time. (Probably what you are reading now, hoping to get the point).

– I was with Mr. Web when he explained these facts.

– I was with him, said the research findings that support the justification to sacrifice the good academic exposure to text in the web.

– and I was there with their tips and tricks, which were great… until it went too far, judgment on writers who actually use openers:

he claimed that writers who rely on openers do not have “the courage” to get right to the point. So I lost.

do not leave anyone shame their learning writing tricks

we can adapt to any rhetorical style. We can adjust our notions of what makes for good writing. But we should refuse when a writer how insulting to other methods of writing. Even we should ignore the implications of cowardice as unnecessary ad hominem attacks. False attacks. False teaching and floppy and frivolous. Screw.

readers of academic essay writing to appreciate (even more) a good opener

openers in academic writing, whether in a developed creative literary response or a historical study, they are essential. They are a more mild form of drawing in attracting readers. They are at first very difficult to do well, but our mastery of them–which is possible–has nothing to with courage, which comes from the French word, “coeur”, the heart. We have a lot of heart. We are studying English, for the sake of hell.

against my will, then this page opens with a statement and makes the point well. First of all. But it also has a “grabber” slipped, because we are looking grabbers and because, well, I can not help it. I want prose worthy model for you.

samples of openers effective essay by mode and type

will share with you some samples, written by my former students (who have granted permission for the use of his work as models):

* people love stories. We love to tell stories. The opener of the narrative:

once an hour, during the time of slavery, had fears of the black and white, and was born the “word”. Therefore, someone came up with the “word”. Two hundred years later at my sister’s House, children still use this “word”. Sometimes even hear me say this “word”. But, guess what? I check myself and correct, because when you use the “word” to anyone, no matter who you are or what you are, the color is totally disrespectful.

the word: “nigger”. (1)

* to establish credibility, try a sober introduction and scholarly. The opener of facts/statistics:

at the age of forty-four, 47 percent of American women have had an abortion. (Day 6) To describe this statistics as anything other than a tragedy it is to deny the sanctity of human life. Christian abortion debate rests on the moral and theological dimension [s] on this topic. To examine the moral dimensions of abortion without examining the social sphere it is ignoring the mutually dependent relationship that surrounds this debate. (2)

* by appealing to the senses attracts and keeps readers interested. The descriptive opener:

rain is pelting my car without a break as I drive College of [XXX]. Cars running on the highway cause water on the pavement about to explode into a fine mist that surrounds each vehicle with a sheet of billowing of opacity. Finally, I come against my small two-bedroom house. With a sigh of relief, I go into my living room.

lately, this House has become a haven of safety, me refuge of elements of nature from the unpredictable malevolence and not provoked that the experience of one of my instructors. My fear is accentuated by the fact that appear to be the main recipient of outbursts of this master of iniquity. Slowly, my eyes changes across the room and get in the game I have to read for my English class. It’s Mamet’s Oleanna. I pick up the book and I soon found drawn in history. Quickly, it becomes clear to me that this game [deals with] the relationship between a Professor (John) and his student (Carol). While both characters show evidence of an interesting variety of behaviors, John fascinates me more. I start to wonder if John shows symptoms of an underlying psychological disorder. (3)

put readers on the inside of the frame, paper. The direct opener of the address:

in the middle of a burning hell. Your mind is moving at the speed of light. They are still paralyzed by fear. The silence is deafening from the confines of the four walls. You’re not in control. I wonder how the communication between the members of the family, especially between mother and father has ceased. Every day that passes, only silence can be heard. The usual talk at the table is considerably diminished. Is human trafficking, “Pass the corn, please”. Or a self dispensation from the table. (4)

promote confidence, establish authority from the beginning. Authorized quotation opener:

“generations of students have studied calculus without seeing his power.” This declaration can be found in an article by K.C. Cole entitled “Bringing Earth calculation”, The Los Angeles Times. I certainly agree with Cole. Earlier in the course of the class (calculus), was not sure about the use of the calculation and the importance of it. Others like me, as friends, felt the same. For this reason, I suppose, I’m doing this research. This research is for students like me to get realize that “there is some calculation,” as Cole says in the article… (5)

keep with the traditional lesson “Show, not tell”. The opener for example:

sex is great. Pairto me, it’s feelings and experiences, feeling the flesh against flesh, the experience of orgasm after orgasm. Sometimes, even, it is that feeling of being special, dear and beloved. I guess that my parents had sex. It is not an image that I would like to bring to mind. But when my father has sex with someone who is not my mom, how will I feel after? (6)

involved asking the opinion and reflective participation of readers. Deep opening rhetorical question:

is the West true game, written by the actor and writer Sam Shepard, a sublimation of their own rivalry between brothers or a streamlined one? Writes about two brothers that they are equal in intelligence, but opposite in character. The brother lives by his wits and the youngest of his pen. in his unique style, Shepard uses many symbols that describe the interested emotions that make up these two brothers. Also used metaphors that reel you, the public, in the depths of anger, pain, and the reality of life… (7)

Finally, the encouragement of (good) cash opener

appropriate introductory material Yes. I.e., use an opener that is relevant to the topic of the essay. Use an opener that suits the material. For example, a definition of alcoholism (which might work if you were writing a book) may be too awkward for a role of cause and effect study the influence of alcoholism in the family.

does to openers APT. Do the modes that you are best in writing. And what better done. Write what works for you and your audience and their allocation.

Yes, overlap modes. A narrative opener will have descriptive details. A budget can be combined with data and statistics. But instead of tripping over what are the exact boundaries between modes or types of passages of Scripture, focuses on the specifics of a type of opener of as understand it. The rest will be extra material that simply enhances your style.

and Yes to participate, presentations to your readers in the place where its opinion thesis sits expected to declare its bold, truths. That should not be denied or had neglected… more than your audience should be.

end Notes

(1) Bronson, to. “The word”.

(2) Roncella, L. “Abortion judge”.

(3) prince, U. “To who cares? [Tolosa[A Study of Oleanna] “

(4), w the.” “Dark silence”.

(5) Pham, D. “Calculation as a necessary tool”.

(6) Gutierrez, R. “Dad, why cheat?”

(7) Stark, C. “[…a Study of the Psychology of True West].”